新概念三Lesson 29 里提到了举世闻名的喜剧演员卓别林。相信大家对头戴圆顶礼帽、手持竹手杖、足登大皮靴、走路像鸭子的流浪汉夏尔洛的形象记忆犹新吧!一位好的喜剧演员可以给我们带来欢笑和喜悦,微笑是无国界的!本期文化大爆炸为大家简单介绍一下喜剧界公认的“大腕儿”

The word “comedy” originated from the Greek root “komos” meaning “merry making” + “aoidos” meaning “singer.” A comedian is a professional entertainer who entertains by telling amusing anecdotes, wordplay, or by acting in an engaging and humorous manner. In literature, a comedy is a story with a happy ending.
“comedy”这个词来源于希腊词根“komos”,这个词根的意思是“制造快乐”和“歌手”的结合。喜剧演员是职业的表演者,他们通过讲一些有趣的轶事和双关语,或者是用互动和幽默的表演来逗乐他人。在文学方面,喜剧指的是拥有一个好结局的故事。

1. Charles Spencer Chaplin

Popularly known as Charlie Chaplain, Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in Walworth, London, England on April 16, 1889 and died on Christmas day in 1977. His iconic appearance with mustaches, bowler hat, and walking stick is best envisaged by himself as, "I thought I would dress in baggy pants, big shoes, a cane, and a Derby hat. Everything a contradiction: the pants baggy, the coat tight, the hat small, and the shoes large."
1889年4月16日,通常被人们称呼为卓别林的查尔斯·斯宾塞·卓别林英格兰伦敦的Walworth出生了。逝世于1977年的圣诞节。他标志性的装扮是:八字胡,圆顶礼帽,手杖。这个形象完全符合他自己的设想:“我想我会穿着宽松的裤子,大鞋子,一根手杖和一顶圆顶礼帽。所有的服装都互不搭调:裤子很宽松,外套很紧,帽子很小,鞋子很大。”

This is perhaps the most identified picture in the world. Charlie Chaplin lived an abject Dickensian childhood and was influenced by his music hall actress mother Hannah Hill with a failed career.
这样的装扮也许是卓别林在全球最受认同的形象。卓别林度过了一个狄更斯小说一般不幸童年。他受到失意的音乐厅女演员母亲的影响非常大。

He made his first Talkie in 1940. In 1957 he made the film A King in New York with Dawn Adams. He made a film A Countess from Hong Kong with the all-time, most famous celebrities Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando.
在1940年,卓别林出演了第一步有声电影。1957年,他与Dawn Adams一起制作了电影《一个国王》。他也曾和当时最著名的索菲娅·罗兰和马龙·白兰度一起出演了电影《香港女伯爵》。

His films include: Gold Rush, Circus, The Great Dictator, City Lights, Modern Times, Monsieur Verdoux, King in New York and A Countess from Hong Kong.
卓别林的作品:《淘金记》《大马戏团》《大独裁者》《城市之光》《摩登时代》《凡尔纳先生》《纽约王》和《香港女伯爵》。

2. Jimmy Tarbuck

Jimmy Tarbuck was born on February 6, 1940 in Liverpool, England. The famous British comedian is known for his quick wit and charismatic personality. He is the most favorite after-dinner speaker and present at important social and prize distribution ceremonies. He made his debut on a British TV at the age of 22 and has been associated with the TV for over 40 years. His attractive presentations kept the audience loyal to his TV programs.
吉米·塔布克于1940年2月6日出生于英国利物浦。因为他的机智和性格魅力闻名于英国。他是最受喜爱的餐后演讲者,也是很多奖项颁奖典礼的嘉宾。22岁的他第一次在英国电视上的亮相,从此开始了超过40年的电视生涯。

He has written two books; “Tarbuck on Golf” and “Tarbuck on Showbiz.” Both books were best sellers. He is known for his contribution to many charitable causes.
他写过两本书“塔布克说高尔夫”和“塔布克说娱乐界”。这两本书都得到了畅销榜第一的好成绩。同时,他也非常热衷于慈善。

3. Eddie Murphy

Eddie Murphy was born on April 3, 1961 in Brooklyn, NewYork, U.S. His birth name was Edward Regan Murphy. He started doing stand-ups in Long Island comedy clubs when he was only 15. He was a born comedian and was elected as the most popular student at Roosevelt Junior and Senior High.
1961年4月3日,艾迪·墨菲出生于纽约布鲁克林,原名是爱德华·里根·墨菲。他年仅15岁时就在长岛喜剧俱乐部里表演单人脱口秀了。他是一名天生的喜剧演员,曾被选为罗斯福初中和罗斯福高中最受欢迎的学生。

Eddie Murphy debuted in 1980 on Saturday Night Live and acted for the first time on the big screen in Walt Hill’s 1982 action comedy 48 Hrs. It made Eddie Murphy an $8 million per picture star. He was Oscar nominated in 2006 for his role in the musical Dreamgirls.
1980年,艾迪·墨菲首次在周六夜现场的节目中亮相。1982年,他触电大荧幕,出演了沃尔特·希尔的动作喜剧《48小时》。这部电影业令他成为了片酬800万美金的演员。因为在音乐剧《追梦女郎》中的出众表现,他获得了2006年的奥斯卡提名。

Conclusion:

If a tragedy is like the salt of life, a comedy is invigorating sugar be it in any form; a stand-up, sitcom, joke, farce, burlesque, or slapstick, it requires the best of the comedian to produce the desired result.
总结:如果悲剧是生活中的盐,任何形式的喜剧就是生活中充满生气的糖。不论是独角戏,情景喜剧,笑话,闹剧,滑稽戏,只有最好的喜剧演员才能呈现最好的效果!