The line chart shows the production of main fuels in UK between 1986 and 2000.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
A glance at the line graph given reveals the trend of energy resources generated in UK from 1986 to 2000. It is evident that the petroleum yield remained the highest level during the whole period. While natural gas production experienced a burgeoning growth in the last five years of the 20th century, the output of coal decreased sharply.
In 1986, the production of petroleum and coal was almost the same at less than 120 million tons, but they witnessed two totally different trend in the following decade. Petrol output mounted to 140 million tons in 1990 before it fell to 110 in 1995, while coal plunged dramatically at first, then bounced back from 75 to nearly 100 million tons between 1990 and 1995. The production gap of these two fuels became wider since 1995, with petroleum yield rising to 130 in 2000 whereas the other reaching a low of 60 million tons.
Besides, it is interesting to note that when coal and petrol dominated the fuel production, natural gas production remained a low profile. Fluctuating at around 65 billion cubic metres for almost ten years, it rose exponentially since 1995. After gas production exceeded coal in 1996, it kept almost the same growth rate with petroleum and gained a yield of more than 100 billion cubic metres in 2000.
①a burgeoning growth: 快速增长
②production/output/yield: n. 产量
③mount: v. 上升
④plunge: v. 迅速下降
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Some people say that the best measure of a country’s success is the quality of life people enjoy. Others argue that a prosperous economy is the key factor in a country success. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Some people say that governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to help people prevent illness and disease. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming much wider, the rich are richer, the poor even poorer. What problems can the situation cause and give the solutions.
Some people think that university students should specialize in one subject, while others think universities should encourage students to learn a range of subjects. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people believe secondary school children should study international news; some people think it would waste the time of their subject. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Children's education is expensive. In some countries, the government pay some of or all of the costs. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
Not enough students choose science subjects in universities in many countries. What are the reasons and what are the effects on the society?
It is generally acknowledged that families are now not as close as they used to be. Give possible reasons and recommendations.
Some people believe famous people’s support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinions.
Recently years, more and more people choose to live by themselves, why? Is it positive or negative for the development of the society?
In some countries around the world men and women are having children late in life. What are the reasons for this development? What are the effects on society and family life?
Some people think that robots are very important for humans' future development. Others, however, think that robots are a dangerous invention that could have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people support the developments in agriculture such as factory farming and creations of new types of fruits and vegetables, while others oppose this view. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
The increase in food production owes much to fertilizers and better machinery, but some people think that it has a negative impact on human health and community. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In most countries, with the widespread use of the Internet, people have more freedom to choose to work and study at home instead of travelling to work or college. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
People aim to achieve the balance between their work and lives, but few people achieve it. What are the causes of the problems? How to overcome it?
Some people think that it is better for people to be unemployed than people to be employed but they do not enjoy，to what extent do you agree or disagree?
The spread of multinational companies and the increase of globalization as a result produce positive effects to everyone. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Some people think young people should be free to choose their jobs, but other people think young people should be realistic and think more about their future. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
In many countries television shows many foreign-made programmers. The dominance of imported entertainment is harmful to the cultures of these countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Nowadays consumers are faced with the advertisements from competitive companies. To what extent do you agree that consumers are influenced by advertisements? What measures should be taken to protect them?
Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open area in towns and cities than build more housing. To what extend do agree or disagree?
Some people believe that air travel should be restricted because it causes serious pollution and uses up the world’s fuel resources. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that using animals for experimentation purpose is cruel, but other people think that is necessary for the development of science. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
In the past, buildings often reflected the culture of a society but today all modern buildings look alike and cities throughout the world are becoming more and more similar. What do you think is the reason for this, and is it a good thing or a bad thing?
Some people think museums should be enjoyable places to attract and entertain young people, while others think the purpose of museums should be to educate, not entertain. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
Today there is a great increase in anti-social behaviors and lack of respect to others. What are the causes of this? Who should take responsibility for dealing with it?
Some people think that if a police force carries a gun, it can lead to higher level of crime in that society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
At present many people think that one language should be used as the common language, but other think that by doing so the culture of different nation will be lost. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Competitiveness is a positive quality for people to have in most societies. How does competitiveness affect individuals? Do you think it is a positive or negative trend?
题目：In most countries, with the widespread use of the Internet, people have more freedom to choose to work and study at home instead of travelling to work or college. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
The network is opening up a new possibility for people to work and study. Instead of going to office or school on a daily basis, more and more people have the chance to finish their jobs or have classes at home, and there is growing support for this option as it is supposed to be more beneficial.
One obvious merit of working or studying online at home is that workers and students do not need to waste time and money on commuting and transportation, which gives them the flexibility to arrange their timetables around their own lifestyles. After all, for most people, it is discouraging to add long traffic time and the cost involved into a hectic schedule. Moreover, employees with flexible working schedules often have higher morale for their jobs than those in a traditional office environment, which in turn benefits the business in a long run. Students who study at home are also found to be more efficient and active than those learning at school.
In addition, people who live in remote areas will benefit greatly from the equality brought by the wide use of telecommuting and web-based education. As most of large-sized and powerful corporations are mainly based in leading cities of a country, offering telecommuting options means some talented individuals who live in less popular cities can have more employment opportunities. Online learning also enables children in poor areas with underdeveloped infrastructure and few teachers to receive high-quality courses.
However, some people may harbor a concern that students or staff who have much freedom at home may not fully focus on the tasks at hand and fail to follow the arrangement. However, this potential problem could be addressed by setting proper productivity goals and conducting regular progress check-ins.
In conclusion, although this trend may be accompanied by some drawbacks, it is
①hectic: adj. 忙碌的
②morale: n. 士气
④harbor a concern: 怀有疑虑
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