高考英语语法易错点之定语从句

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【讲师简介】

 Penny老师:高中英语教师,有着较为丰富的线下教学经验,擅长利用简单、直白的言语分析各类语法考点,希望将教学经验分享给更多学生。

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【课程详细笔记】

 教学目标
1.了解定语从句的由来
2.熟悉可以指代sb.的关系代词
3.实际操练指代sb.的关系代词

1.定语从句的由来
何为定语? 是修饰n./pron.的部分
以句子的形式修饰名词或代词
蓝蓝的天空,清澈的湖水 定语:“蓝蓝的”“清澈的”(形容词)
For instance:a little boy
the teacher in the classroom(定语后置)
a smiling girl
The girl who is smiling is our class teacher.
=The girl is our class teacher.+She is smiling.
修饰的作用,修饰的对象

warm up
The boy is my brother. He is playing computer games.(who)
The boy who is playing computer games is my brother.
She is my grandmother.I should take care of her.(that)
She is my grandmother who/whom/that I should take care of.

2.定语从句的结构
This is the factory    that    I want to visit.
                 先行词+关系词+从句

3.关系词的分类及应用
关系代词:which that who whom whose
关系副词:when where why

more practice
A doctor is a person. He looks after people’s health.
A doctor is a person who/that looks after people’s health.
Mr. White invited many friends to his party,He respected them much.
Mr. White invited many friends to his party who/whom/that he respected them much.
Nancy is the right person.You can depend on her.
Nancy is the right person on whom you can depend.
The girl is our monitor. Her father is a model worker.
The girl whose father is a model worker is our monitor.

conclusion
指代sb.的关系代词:who/whom/that/whose
(1)A doctor is a person who/that looks after people’s health.
(2)Mr.White invited many friends to his party who/whom/that he respected them much.
(3)Nancy is the right person on whom you can depend.
有没有发现相同之处?
先行词:sb.
(4)表示所有格的whose
1.表示人的所有:The girl whose father is a model worker is our monitor.
2.表示物的所有:I like the room whose window looks out over the sea.

summery
关系代词 关系词 先行词 在从句中成分
that sb./sth. 主/宾/表
who sb. 主/宾
whom sb. 宾
whose sb./sth. 定(表从属)

Exercise
Most people have never heard of Tim Berners-Lee.He is not nearly as rich or famous Marc Andreesen,who was cofounder of Netscape,or Bill Gates,whose name has become a household word.
Berners-Lee,who works in a small office at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,is the creator of the World Wide Web.The creation of the Web is so important that some people compare Berners-Lee to Johann Gutenberg,who invented printing by moveable type in the fifteenth century.
Berners-Lee was born in England in 1955.His parents,who helped design the world’s first commercially available computer,gave him a great love of mathematics and learning,
连词成句
is this the girl is whose pronunciation the best in our class.
1   2       3     4     5            6                7           8
This is the girl whose pronunciation is the best in our class.
who talked with you the man my friend is
   1          2        3       4            5       6
The man who you talked with is my friend.

The man who/that is very cool is my favorite singer ,Jay Chou.
The football star whose skills are excellent is Messi.

直击高考
(2012年天津)I wish to thank Professor Smith,without___B____help I would never have got this far.
A.who B.whose C.whom D.which
解析:本题主句中的Professor Smith为先行词,而从句中的help与其明显为从属关系,因此用whose
(2007北京)Women___C____drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those_____don’t.
A.who; / B./; who C.who;who D./ ; /
B.解析:本句中有两个空格,但由于本身是一个比较状语从句,因此两个考点相同,从句部分缺少了主语,而先行词分别是women/those,都指代sb.因此两个都可用who
(2013湖南)Happiness and success often come to those___B___are good at recognizing their own strengths.
A.whom B.who C.what D.which
解析:从句部分缺少主语,先行词为those,这里指代的是那些人,因此用who
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