来源：上海学生英文报 2012-12-29 15:18
Monster Storm Hits U.S.
Monster storm Sandy, which had claimed nearly 70 lives in the Caribbean when it was a hurricane, hit the densely populated U.S. East Coast with 80 mph (129 kph) winds early last week.
Just before the storm center made landfall in New Jersey (新泽西州), forecasters stripped (剥夺) it of hurricane status based on its shape and internal temperature. But the storm still packed hurricane-force winds, and forecasters said it remained every bit as dangerous.
Sandy knocked out power to at least 3.1 million people across the East. At least 95 deaths were blamed on the storm, which threatened 50 million people in the eastern third of the country.
The storm hurled (猛投) an unprecedented 13-foot (4-meter) surge of seawater at New York City, threatening its subways and the electrical system that powers Wall Street. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, 纽约证券交易所) was closed on the first two days of last week. The last time it was closed for weather was in 1985, and this was the first two-day closing of the NYSE because of weather since a blizzard (暴风雪) in 1888.
As the storm closed in, it hit the big cities of the Northeast corridor—Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York and Boston—with stinging (刺人的) rain and strong winds of more than 85 mph. It also met with a cold-weather system that turned it into a superstorm, a monstrous hybrid consisting not only of rain and high wind but snow.
Sandy, which grounded more than 15,000 flights in the U.S., also brought the presidential campaign to a halt at the very height of the race, with just over a week to go before Election Day. President Barack Obama and his rival Mitt Romney canceled their campaign appearances. The president instead focused on monitoring Sandy from Washington, D.C. He pledged the government’s help and made a direct plea from the White House to those in the storm’s path.
“When they tell you to evacuate, you need to evacuate,” he said. “Don’t delay; don’t pause; don’t question the instructions that are being given, because this is a powerful storm.”
Storm damage was projected at $10 billion to $20 billion, meaning it could prove to be one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history.
How many people’s deaths were blamed on the storm in totally in the eastern U.S.?
At least 165 deaths
At least 3.1 million deaths
At least 95 deaths
Nearly 70 lives