优美、安全的工作环境（Work Environment），不仅是企业树立形象，增强凝聚力的需要，也是企业改进生产效率（ production efficiency），提高竞争力的基本条件。企业以理性、科学地设计工作环境，可以满足先到工作空间的基本需求（basic needs）。几年来，越来越多的企业本着人文主义（humanism）的管理原则，愿意出资改进其工作环境。同时从工效学（ergonomics）的角度出发，重置安装办公室各类设备，以减轻员工工作疲劳，创造舒适的工作环境。
What’s important when…?
Designing the layout of an office
1,Appropriate use of space
2.Amount of light
Lighting is also critical. We should consider how much lighting and what type of lighting is needed to work more efficiently and effectively. Besides natural light, we also need to provide ambient light overhead and task light on work stations, as you see, defective illumination reduces work efficiency.
First of all, we have to consider spatial design when setting up office. We should establish primary and secondary work areas for paper work, computer activities and accessible file systems, and allocate space for storage of surplus office supplies. Make the best use of space and respect the privacy of our staff members.
On top of that, when we’re structuring the layout of our office, it’s also important to consider health and safety, calculate future growth and space needs, and apply ergonomics to adapt work or working conditions to suit our staff.
Two accidents happened in your office in the past year that resulted in bodily injuries to some staff members. Your line manager is revising health and safety precautions to eliminate the causes of office injuries. You have been asked to make suggestions. Discuss the situation together, and decide:
（1）We need to make a checklist of unsafe conditions in the office. They might cause further injuries in our office. For example, our computer cables and telephone cords sprawl on the floor, and if anyone trips over them, they are likely to sprain ankles and backs on even worse, break their legs.
（2）Safety is our first priority. We should take measures immediately to eliminate these hazards.
（3）A working fire extinguisher should be available to handle small fires, and all staff members should know how to use it. Finally, we must entrust a manager with safety responsibilities and conduct safety inspections regularly.