Unit One: Company Operation and Management公司运作和管理
Reducing overheads 减少管理费用
Research and development 研发 Property costs 财产耗费、物业费用 Capital goods 资本货物
Balance sheet 资产负债表 Redundancy payment 失业金
In the short term 短期内
Long-term effects 远期效益
Overall effects 整体效益
Office supplies 办公用品 Stationery 文具
Bulk price 批发价
Paper clip 回形针，曲别针
You may need to make big cuts in overheads, but try to avoid slashing costs to a level where it is difficult to operate. Advertising, as well as research and development, are often the first activities to be cut because they can be reduced almost instantly. Cutting overheads such as property costs or capital goods will take much longer to have an effect on the balance sheet. You can also cut staff costs by reducing your number of employees, though redundancy payments will increase costs in the short term.
Long-term effects should also be considered. In reducing overheads costs, we should not aim to seek instant success, we should put our overheads reduction plan in a greater perspective and evaluate their overall effects. Reduction measures should enable the company to tap its potential productivity and ensure its future development.
In addition to that, we also need to involve our staff member into the overheads reduction project, and try to see if they have anything to contribute to it.
Introducing new ways to save on office supplies
The company you work for has decided to introduce new ways to save on office supplies, as a part of the overheads reduction plan. You have been asked to make suggestions about it. Discuss the situation together, and decide:
（1）To keep office expenses down, we can start from office stationery. Items like pens, paper, paper clips, and pencils do not cost a lot individually, but we use them in large quantities, so there is potential for huge savings.
（2）cheaper sources are important, we can get much cheaper prices on office suppliers through group purchasing. If we pool our orders with other businesses, we can buy in large quantity and receive lower bulk prices.
（3）To make sure that our staff voluntarily comply with the overheads expenditure reduction rules, we can include that in our staff appraisals. I mean whether staff members are supportive in our overheads reduction project.